While learning to speak Danish as a child or a teenager, one may unconsciously acquire word order structure from regular language input. When an adult learner formulates a Danish phrase, especially when the level is getting more advanced, a conscious effort is needed to master the sentence structure. Therefore, I believe it is necessary to consciously systematize the basic principles of structuring a Danish sentence. The way I teach word order in Danish is mainly based on my learning practices, which turned out to be effective. I also apply my teaching experience of tackling a word order issue in adult learners in a short time, e.g. before an exam or as a repair of the acquired wrong sentence structure.
An intermediate and even advanced learner may have confusion in the word order. These confusions are caused by missing the distinction between the main clause and subclause in a complex sentence. Therefore it is crucial to learn how to distinguish the main clause from the subclause and structure each of the two types.
The main terms like the verb and the subject, inversion, inversion triggers, the main clause and subclause, central adverbs, а free adverb, the post-position of a subclause and others, are gradually introduced in the course, so no specific linguistic knowledge is needed to follow the course.
All the video screens and test tasks are available for download on the course page for registered users, so you can print them out before you start watching, follow the videos and make notes to the slide/translation while watching.
The total length of the course is appx. 280 minutes.
Lesson #1 How to approach learning sentence structure in Danish
Lesson #2 Subject & verb
Lesson #3 Learn to spot the main clause. What is the main clause (hovedsætning) logically?
Lesson #4 Lesson 4 Optional field in the main sentence
Lesson #5 Scenario 1: main clause without inversion
Lesson #6 Scenario 2 of the main clause with inversion
Lesson #7 Possible inversion triggers in the main clause (only Scenario 2)
Lesson #8 Learn to detect a subordinate clause
Lesson #9 One scenario for word order in subordinate clauses
Lesson #10 Control lesson: main clause or subclause?
Lesson #11 Subordinate clause conjunctions
Lesson #12 Time subclauses
Lesson #13 Subclauses of description & reference
Lesson #14 Subclauses of reasoning
Lesson #15 Subclauses of comparison, condition & alternative
Lesson #16 Subclauses of contrast/contradiction & admission (of a paradox)
Lesson #17 Subclauses of additional information with ‘at’ and ‘hv-words
Lesson #18 Subclauses of purpose
Lesson #19 Summmary & Control questions
Lesson #20 Test yourself: free adverbs in the main clause without a subordinate clause
Lesson #21 Test youself: central adverbs in the main clause without a subordinate clause
Lesson #22 Test youself: central/Free adverbs in the subordinate clause
Lesson #23 Test youself: Main clause & subclause in one complex sentence